This is an incredible national park which was once formed by glaciers, has lots of rivers and underground streams. Durmitor became a World Heritage site in 1980. The Tara river canyon has the deepest gorges in Europe. There are dense pine forests and clear lakes. The national park includes Mount Durmitor plateau and is influenced by both Mediterranean and alpine microclimates.
The Tara River is one of the last wild rivers found in Europe and it has pure, clear waters, a gorge which is 1,300m deep and a great variety of flora and fauna. The Durmitor is home to 16 glacial lakes and the canyons of the Tara, Susica and Draga rivers. The largest lake is Black Lake. Among the vegetation zones are deciduous forest, coniferous forest and subalpine zones. Among the dominant species are Scots pine, Norway pine, sliver fir, beech, birch, mugo pine and juniper.
Durmitor National Park also includes one of the last virgin black pine forests in Europe. Among the wildlife making their home here are brown bear, wolf, wild boar, wild cat, and chamois. There are also different kinds of eagle, capercallie, black grouse and rock partridge.
In the summertime lots of the park’s high pastures have grazing sheep and cattle which are owned by the 1,500 people who live in the park and by others from the nearby village of Zabljak. There are many trails which lead to the high plateau and if you need rest at night you can find a hut, a refuge, and a bivouac.
The village of Zabljak high in the mountains is located on the border of this national park and is Montenegro’s largest ski resort. Summertime activities include hiking, cycling, fishing, swimming, and boating. Those who are looking for chills and thrills can join rafters and kayakers on the 42-mile long run through the Tara canyon’s steep and deep gorge. The major event which brings out the crowds is the annual Mountain Flower Day festival in mid-July.